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According to the dominant narrative, "[each year, Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month from September 15th to October 15th, by celebrating the histories, cultures, and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. The observation started in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week under President Lyndon Johnson and was expanded by President Ronald Reagan in 1988 to cover a 30-day period starting on September 15th and ending on October 15th... The day of September 15th is significant because it is the anniversary of independence for Latin American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on September 16th and September 18th, respectively."
However, there is increasing resistance to this definition from numerous Latinx activists and scholars who don't see themselves fully represented by it. The JKM Library respects these voices and identifies the month accordingly as Latinx and Latino American Heritage Month. Below you will find some quotes and links to articles that examine these issues, which have varied historically and might continue to do so in the future. We invite you to read these resources as you consider the importance of Latinx peoples in the U.S. and the Americas. And please reach out to us if you have any questions!