The mechanics of citation will vary depending on what citation style you are using. While there are guides available electronically and there are tools that can format citations for you, a best practice is to purchase the style manual for your major courses of study.
Usually you will cite a source two times:
- A parenthetical or in text citation is an abbreviated citation within the text of your paper.
- Footnotes can also be used in the text, depending on the citation style being used.
- A full citation is provided in a reference list or bibliography at the end of your paper.
Parenthetical citations should provide your reader with the necessary information to easily find the full citation in the references list or bibliography. The full citation should then provide sufficient information so that the reader can find the work. Think of it as a roadmap; you want your reader to easily get to the sources you used to support your arguments.
Use the JKM Library's Research Guides to find out what citation style is used in your program.